Tag Archives: windows

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HOW TO SEARCH FOR HIDDEN FILES IN WINDOWS

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Have you ever lost some important files in your system? Or do you think some files should be present in your system but you cannot find them? This article analyse the steps in which you can setup your system in order to be able to view hidden files. In some cases, hackers, malwares and viruses have used this ways of hiding their files to destroy your system so that you cannot find those harmful files to delete. But knowing how to discover such unwanted files can prevent your PC from malware or virus attack.

Below are the following steps and various versions of windows

Windows 95

To enable the viewing of Hidden files follow these steps:

  • Close all programs so that you are at your desktop.
  • Double-click on the My Computer icon.
  • Select the View menu and then click Options.
  • After the new window appears select the View tab.
  • Scroll down until you see the Show all files radio button and select it.
  • Press the OK button and close the My Computer window.
  • Now your computer is configured to show all hidden files.

Windows 98

To enable the viewing of Hidden files follow these steps:

  • Close all programs so that you are at your desktop.
  • Double-click on the My Computer icon.
  • Select the View menu and then click Folder Options.
  • After the new window appears select the View tab.
  • Scroll down until you see the Show all files radio button and select it.
  • Press the Apply button and then the OK button and close the My Computer window.
  • Now your computer is configured to show all hidden files.

Windows ME

To enable the viewing of Hidden files follow these steps:

  • Close all programs so that you are at your desktop.
  • Double-click on the My Computer icon.
  • Select the Tools menu and click Folder Options.
  • After the new window appears select the View tab.
  • Under the Hidden files and folders section select the radio button labeled Show hidden files and folders.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide file extensions for known file types.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide protected operating system files.
  • Press the Apply button and then the OK button and shutdown My Computer.
  • Now your computer is configured to show all hidden files.

Windows NT

To enable the viewing of Hidden files follow these steps:

  • Close all programs so that you are at your desktop.
  • Double-click on the My Computer icon.
  • Select the View menu and then click Options.
  • After the new window appears select the View tab.
  • Scroll down until you see the Show all files radio button and select it.
  • Press the OK button and shutdown My Computer.
  • Now your computer is configured to show all hidden files.

Windows 2000

To enable the viewing of Hidden files follow these steps:

  • Close all programs so that you are at your desktop.
  • Double-click on the My Computer icon.
  • Select the Tools menu and click Folder Options.
  • After the new window appears select the View tab.
  • Under the Hidden files and folders section select the radio button labeled Show hidden files and folders.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide file extensions for known file types.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide protected operating system files.
  • Press the Apply button and then the OK button and shutdown My Computer.
  • Now your computer is configured to show all hidden files.

Windows XP and Windows 2003

To enable the viewing of Hidden files follow these steps:

  • Close all programs so that you are at your desktop.
  • Double-click on the My Computer icon.
  • Select the Tools menu and click Folder Options.
  • After the new window appears select the View tab.
  • Put a checkmark in the checkbox labeled Display the contents of system folders.
  • Under the Hidden files and folders section select the radio button labeled Show hidden files and folders.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide file extensions for known file types.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide protected operating system files.
  • Press the Apply button and then the OK button and shutdown My Computer.
  • Now your computer is configured to show all hidden files.

Windows Vista

To enable the viewing of Hidden files follow these steps:

  • Close all programs so that you are at your desktop.
  • Click on the Start button. This is the small round button with the Windows flag in the lower left corner.
  • Click on the Control Panel menu option.
  • When the control panel opens you can either be in Classic View or Control Panel Home view:

 

If you are in the Classic View do the following:

  • Double-click on the Folder Options icon.
  • Click on the View tab.
  • Go to the last step.

If you are in the Control Panel Home view do the following:

  • Click on the Appearance and Personalization link.
  • Click on Show Hidden Files or Folders.
  • Go to step 5.
  • Under the Hidden files and folders section select the radio button labeled Show hidden files and folders.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide extensions for known file types.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide protected operating system files.
  • Press the Apply button and then the OK button.
  • Now Windows Vista is configured to show all hidden files.

Windows 7

To enable the viewing of Hidden files follow these steps. Please note a guide with images that shows the same steps can be found here:

  • Close all programs so that you are at your desktop.
  • Click on the Start button. This is the small round button with the Windows flag in the lower left corner.
  • Click on the Control Panel menu option.
  • When the control panel opens click on the Appearance and Personalization link.
  • Under the Folder Options category, click on Show Hidden Files or Folders.
  • Under the Hidden files and folders section select the radio button labeled Show hidden files, folders, or drives.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide extensions for known file types.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide protected operating system files (Recommended).
  • Press the Apply button and then the OK button.
  • Now Windows 7 is configured to show all hidden files.

Windows 8

To enable the viewing of Hidden files follow these steps. Please note a guide with images that shows the same steps can be found here:

  • From the Windows 8 Start Screen, click on the Control Panel app.
  • When the Control Panel opens scroll down to the bottom and click on the More Settings option.
  • The traditional Windows 8 Control Panel will now open. When it is open, click on the Appearance and Personalization link.
  • Under the Folder Options category, click on Show Hidden Files or Folders.
  • Under the Hidden files and folders section select the radio button labeled Show hidden files, folders, or drives.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide extensions for known file types.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide protected operating system files (Recommended).
  • Press the Apply button and then the OK button.
  • Now Windows 8 is configured to show all hidden files.

Windows 10

To enable the viewing of Hidden files in Windows 10, please follow these steps:

  • From the Windows 10 Start Screen, click on the File Explorer button  on the task bar.
  • When File Explorer opens, click on the View tab and then select Options.
  • When the Folder Options screen opens, click on the View tab.
  • You will now see various settings you can select.
  • Folder Options category, click on Show Hidden Files or Folders.
  • Under the Hidden files and folders section select the radio button labeled Show hidden files, folders, or drives.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide extensions for known file types.
  • Remove the checkmark from the checkbox labeled Hide protected operating system files (Recommended).
  • Press the Apply button and then the OK button.
  • Now Windows 10 is now configured to show all hidden files.

Now, that you have known these steps, you can protect your PC from the presence of malware, viruses and other harmful vices. See how

How to remove a Trojan, Virus, Worm, or other Malware from your PC manually without antivirus

You will be able to see icons not previously there and also you will see a file called desktop.ini all over your PC. There is no problem with these files as they are legitimate hidden files and can be ignored.

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How to secure your PDF files with password

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It is not so difficult to protect your pdf files from people gaining access to your information if you don’t want to. The steps to secure your pdf is outlined below. Luckily, there are supports for password-protected encryption built directly into PDFs Format, no matter the operating system you are running (windows or mac OS).

If you would want to make some few changes to your pdf contents, there are editors that can help with that. And also if you wish to merge or join two or more PDF files together.

I will first explain the use of windows to password-protect PDF files. Mac Os has features you can use to create password for your pdf files easily, unlike windows. This enable us to look at two different methods in pass wording your files through

  • Adobe Acrobat pro DC and
  • PDF merger (free)

Using Adobe Acrobat

  • Go to this link Adobe Acrobat Pro DC free trial page and click the blue “Get started” button. You need to sign up for an Adobe creative cloud account. Once everything is done, the download begins.
  • Download and install Adobe Acrobat Reader (Dc pro version) if you don’t have one. If you are asked whether you want to buy or simply continue your trial version for now, pick option to continue.
  • Launch Adobe Acrobat pro Dc and sign in through the link at the top right-hand corner.
  • Click “file” menu in the upper-left corner, and select “open”.
  • Choose the pdf file you want to secure with password from its location in your PC and click open
  • After the document is opened, click “file” menu again, and then “properties” and then click the “security” tab.
  • Where you see “security method”, click the drop down arrow to select “password security” from the lists of options
  • A window will pop out asking you for a password. Check the box beside “require a password to open the document” and enter your desired password in the corresponding text field

Note: try picking a stronger password preferably one with a combination of lower-case letters, capitalization and numbers

How you can Restrict editing and printing with Adobe Acrobat

With the “document security” menu of Adobe Acrobat Dc, you can restrict people from editing or printing your content. How? Follow the steps below

  • Open the pdf document and access the “security” panel as outlined above
  • Select “change settings” to access the password security menu.
  • Then check the box beside “Restrict editing and printing” and enter a password in the box to the right of “change permissions password”

 

Get some factors that can limit editing:

  1. Inserting, deleting, and rotating pages: it allows the person with access to the document to get rid of parts of the document, add pages, and flip the pages around.
  2. Commenting, filling in form fields, and signing existing signature fields: This allows the person to leave comment on the document, fill in sections that have boxes to add text, and electronically sign the document.
  3. All edits except extracting pages: This allows others to make any necessary changes to the document except for cutting it down.

 

With all steps above, your PDF document is protected. When someone tries to open it, the password prompt will appear.

Using PDFMate to password or protect your PDF Document

If you choose not to use the above method due to financial constraint, you can opt for the free tool “PDFMate” as long you don’t mind for a third – party utility with it limited features and design.

Using PDFMate you can set permission and specific passcodes for task such as editing, copying and printing.

Follow the steps below to learn how:

  • Click on this link PDFMate Free PDF Merger website
  • Click the green “free download” button near the top of the page and follow the on-screen instructions
  • Launch it when complete
  • Click the “Add Files” button with the addition sign in the upper – left corner and double click the PDF document you want to password protect.
  • When your PDF File appears, you need to check the box beside “Open Password” and enter your password into the corresponding text field. You can as well choose to select the box beside “Permission Password,” which allows you to enable password protection for editing, coping, and printing by clicking the appropriate losses that appears after checking “permission password”.
  • Select “Build” in the bottom – right corner of the application window page you are done!!! With your password protected PDF prompting out showing you the folder that is been protected.

To protect your PDF file with Password on MAC Os

Your Mac OS comes with preview, a piece of software that can open most documents including any image formats, offers basic editing capabilities. It can also encrypt any PDF file in first few steps.

These are:

  • Launch Preview
  • Click the “File” menu in the upper – left corner and select “Open”
  • Choose the PDF file you want to password – protect from its save in your PC and click “Open” button
  • Once editing is done on the PDF file document, click the “file” menu again and select “Export” from the resulting drop – down
  • Name and select where you wish to save your file.
  • Check the box directly left of “Encrypt,” and enter your desired password in the space provided verify if prompted.
  • Make sure you check that your PDF document is protected by clicking on preview. A prompt screen will appears asking you to slot in password. This indicates it is successful and you can go on using the file the way you like.
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How you can partition your hard-drive in windows

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Do you know you can make one hard-drive to function as two? Partitioning a hard-drive simply means splitting your drives in sections (virtual drives) so you can organize your files, applications. It gives your drives that multi-purpose functions for each section of the drive.

Fortunately, for the purpose of this article we have analyze the steps to partitioning your hard-drive. Though we are focusing on windows 10, but it can work with windows 7 and 8.1 respectively

Windows Disk Management:

 

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One best method you can use to partition your disk-drives is using the windows disk management tool found in windows. Although some third-party applications have expanded features in which you can work with. Below are the steps to follow:

  • Use windows search box at the left bottom of your PC and search for “Disk Management”
  • Select “create and format hard disk partitions” from the result box.
  • Select the hard-drive you wish to partition from the different drives you see

Note: if it is a new drive you are trying to partition, skip the next step

  • Create some “unallocated space” from your old drives when it appears (the one you had select in the previous step) by right-clicking it and select “Shrink Volume” from the resulting drop-down menu.
  • Your PC will then calculate how much free space you can allocate to the new partition. Once it is completed, it will ask how much space you’d want to use
  • If you wish to use all, click “shrink” button. But if you need a specified volume to use, input it in megabytes (e.g 1,025 mb) in the respective field before hitting shrink.
  • Wait for the process to complete depending on the speed of your drive. You will now have a new “unallocated” space shown next to the physical drive in the bottom-half of the Disk Management screen.
  • Right-click the “unallocated” space and select “New simple volume” from the resulting menu
  • Follow instructions from the screen and select the size of the volume ( default will use all unallocated space) and the drive letter
  • If given the option to format your drive (either new or old), please do so. For file system select “NTFS”. The “exFAT” option is more commonly used for portable devices. You can also add a volume label, name if you choose to. You can also choose to leave “unallocated unit size” at default.
  • Select quick format if you don’t have much time to spend.
  • Keep on clicking the “Next” button until you finally hit the finish button to create the volume. There we go, you now have a partitioned drive with different sections to store your information. You will be able to see it and all information about it on the Disk management page.

There are several third-parties alternatives you can use to partition your drives but I recommend EaseUS Partition Master Free because I have used it before and I know how good it is. It comes with several features. Feel free to try this out through these steps if you want to partition your hard-drives…

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Ways You Can Handle Windows 10 Updates

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Are you confused of what to do when windows 10 updates continuously? You will agree with me that the older version of windows shares how to undo automatic updates, but windows 10 has come up with more complications that varies. And as such many have wondered how its updates can be disabled.

You can check for new updates in settings, though windows 10 don’t give options to review updates and also not to uninstall unlike previous version. Instead, the Microsoft has chosen to install at their own scheduled time. Not to worry though, as this piece will guide you on how to disable that feature and make things clear for you.

We have search for user’s most pressing questions on the use of windows 10 such as:

  • Whether you have to accept all updates
  • Whether you can uninstall existing updates
  • How to reduce the band width some updates use and
  • How to stop all updates.

Windows 10 updates and how to defer them

When it all seemed Microsoft has taken over updates from their products, there are still some options you can make do with in differing updates.

Further reading

Click the start button and select settings

Select updates and security and then

Windows update

That brings up the Windows Update screen, which shows any updates that have been downloaded, as well as any that are waiting to be downloaded.

If you want to check to see if any updates have become available since the last time Windows checked for them, click “Check for updates.” Next to any update that has been downloaded but not yet installed, you’ll see the words, “Status: Awaiting Install.”

Windows 10 automatically downloads update to your pc without installing them and also shows those pending downloads.

On the windows update screen, click

Change active hours

Select hours you typically use your computer/pc

Updates won’t install during those hours.

NB: active hours can’t exceed 18 hours

You can control when Windows installs updates by choosing “active hours,” during which installations shouldn’t take place.

Your system may or may not need to restart in order to install the updates. Typically, updates that add virus definitions for Windows Defender don’t need the system to restart, while other updates do. Your PC will only restart to finish installing the updates during non-active hours. And you even have a bit of control over that. If, for some reason, you want the downloaded update to immediately install, on the Windows Update screen click “Restart now.” And if you want to have your PC restart at a specific time, click “Restart options,” and select the day and time you want your PC to restart.

You can also ask Windows Update to install not just updates to Windows 10, but also for other Microsoft products, such as Microsoft Office. To do that, on the Windows Update screen, click Advanced Options, and on the “Choose how updates are installed section” on the screen that appears, click “Give me updates for other Microsoft products when I update Windows.”

There is a workaround to the must-always-update-immediately rule — assuming you have Windows Professional, Enterprise or Education. In those cases, you have some control over pausing updates. To do it, click the

Start button and select

Settings

Update & Security

Advanced options,

Then go to the box “Choose when updates are installed.” This setting will control whether to defer the twice-yearly upgrade to Windows 10, and how to do it. You have two choices:

Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted): This lets you specify how long after the upgrade is released you want to wait before installing it. In the box below this option, you can choose how many days you want to wait before installing, up to 365.

Semi-Annual: If you choose this, the upgrade will be deferred until after Microsoft has determined it’s ready for businesses to use. That usually takes between three and four months. That’s just the starting point for the deferral, though. In the box below this option, choose a number up to 365. That’s how many days the upgrade will be deferred after Microsoft says the upgrade is fine for businesses to install.

These settings only apply to the twice-annual Windows 10 upgrades. You can also defer the more frequent Windows 10 feature updates. To do it, go to the box marked “A quality update includes…” and in the dropdown box choose the number of days you’d like quality updates deferred. You can choose up to 30 days.

You’ll find an additional setting that’s somewhat confusing — the Pause update setting. Select this and it pauses updates for five days, except Windows Defender updates. Note that this setting takes precedence over the settings outlined in the previous several paragraphs.

There’s also a sneaky, little-known workaround for any version of Windows 10 including Home that can prevent you from installing Windows updates entirely (except for important security updates). But you can’t do it on a case-by-case basis — you either install all updates or none at all. And you can only do it on PCs that are connected to a network via Wi-Fi — if you have an Ethernet connection, it won’t work.

To do it, you need to tell Windows 10 that you’re on a metered connection — in other words, that you’re being charged by how much data you use. Click the Start button and select Settings > Network & Internet > Wi-Fi / Manage known networks. On the screen that appears, scroll to your Wi-Fi network and click Properties. On the screen that appears go to the “Metered connection” setting and set the slider from Off to on.

A sneaky way to stop your PC from installing Windows updates is by Telling Windows you’re on a metered connection.

When you do that, Windows will minimize the data you use, and one of the ways it does that is to stop automatically downloading Windows updates. Keep in mind, though, that if you connect to another Wi-Fi network, you’ll have to turn that setting on for that network as well. If you don’t, updates will happen automatically.

If you’re connected to a network via Ethernet, the “Metered connection” setting won’t appear, so you can’t use the technique.

And finally, Windows Pro users can use the enterprise-level Windows Update for Business (WUB) tool to control the timing of upgrade and update delivery.

View your update history and uninstall updates

Although Windows 10 won’t allow you to pick and choose which updates to install, you can uninstall some updates that cause you problems.

To do it, first see what updates have been installed by clicking

The Start button and selecting

Settings

Update & Security

Windows Update

View installed update history.

You’ll see a list divided into four sections: Feature Updates, Quality Updates, Other Updates and Driver Updates. The Feature Updates section shows what Microsoft often calls upgrades — for example, the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update. However, don’t expect to see that in plain English in the Feature Updates section. Instead, you’ll see the version number Microsoft uses to refer to the upgrade — Windows 10, version 1709 for the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update, for example. The Quality Updates section lists the more mundane, and more frequent, updates to Windows that fix bugs, improve security and add minor features. The Other Updates lists miscellaneous other updates, such as to the Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool. And the Driver Updates, as the name implies, shows all the drivers that have been updated.

Here’s a list of all updates on a Windows 10 PC.

You get information about any of the updates slightly differently, depending on whether you’re looking for details about a feature update, a quality update or an “other” or driver type of update. For feature updates, on the “View installed update history screen,” go to the Feature Updates section, look for the update for which you want details, and underneath the date it was installed, click “See what’s new in this update.” For quality updates, go to the Quality Updates section, look for the update for which you want details and click it. For other updates, go to the Other Updates section, look for the update for which you want details and click it. To see driver updates, go to the Driver Updates section, and click the update for which you want details.

When you click to get details about a feature update, you’ll be sent to a page full of tips, videos and other content about the update. For quality, driver and other updates, you’ll be sent to a web page with a detailed written description of the update.

If you want to uninstall an upgrade like Windows 10, version 1709, listed in Feature Updates, you’ll have to do it within 10 days of the upgrade being installed. After that point you’re out of luck; the update will stay. Even if you do want to uninstall it in that 10-day time period it’s quite complicated to do. Your best bet for doing it is to follow the instructions Microsoft offers in “How to Use the Rollback Function in Windows 10 1709, 1703 and Earlier Versions of Windows 10.”

To uninstall updates listed in Quality Updates, Other Updates and Driver Updates.

To do it, select

Settings

Update & Security

Windows Update

View installed update history.

To uninstall an update, click “Uninstall updates” at the top of the screen. On the screen that appears, click on the update you want to get rid of, then click Uninstall.

Note, though, that you won’t be able to uninstall all updates. Not every update listed in the “View installed update history” will appear on the screen that lets you uninstall updates, and you can’t uninstall any that don’t appear there. And when you click some updates that do appear on the uninstall updates screen, the uninstall button vanishes.

In some instances, you may be able to make sure that Windows 10 won’t reinstall the update you’ve uninstalled, using a free Microsoft tool to essentially hide it from Windows Update. To do it, go to this page, scroll toward the bottom and click the “Download the ‘Show or hide updates’ troubleshooter package now.” link. Install the download, click Next, and follow the instructions for hiding the update you don’t want reinstalled.

Getting into the fast lane with the Insider Program

Are you the kind of person who needs to be first in the technology know and wants the latest version of Windows before its general release? If so, you’ll want to become part of Microsoft’s Windows Insider Program. When you do that, you’ll get the latest Windows updates before everyone else. Keep in mind, though, that when you do this, you’re somewhat of a guinea pig, because Microsoft uses the program to find bugs and problems with updates.

If it’s something you want to do, head to the Windows Insider page and sign up. Then on your PC, click the Start button, select Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update > Windows Insider Program and click Get Started. You’ll be warned that you’ll be using software that might not be fully tested. If you still want to go ahead, click Next.

After that comes an even scarier notice that warns you that “if you ever want to stop receiving Insider Preview builds you may need to remove everything from your PC and reinstall Windows.” If you’re still not scared, click Confirm. You’ll then have to restart your PC.

After your PC restarts, click the

Start button and select

Settings

Update & Security

Windows Update

Windows Insider Program.

You’ll see in the “Get Insider Preview builds” section that you’ll now receive Insider Preview builds.

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You have a choice of receiving the Insider Preview builds as soon as they’re released or after they’ve been tested a while (but before they’re released to the general public). Microsoft calls these options the “fast ring” and “slow ring.” To choose one of the rings, in the “What kind of content would you like to receive?” section, select “Active Development of Windows.” Then in the “What pace do you want to get new builds?” section, choose either the Fast or Slow ring. At any time, you can come back here and switch between them.

Choosing which ring you’d like to be on as a Windows Insider.

You have another set of choices as well, separate from the fast and slow rings. In the ““What kind of content would you like to receive?” section, the dropdown menu offers these three choices:

Just fixes, apps, and drivers: Select this and rather than getting any new Windows builds more quickly, you only get bug fixes, driver updates and app updates more quickly.

Active development of Windows: Choose this, and as outlined previously, you get the choice of being put into the fast or slow ring for updates.

Skip ahead to the next Windows release: When you choose this, you skip over the previews for the next upgrade of Windows, and instead you get previews for the upgrade after that. Note that you’ll only get these updates at the point when the next Windows upgrade is nearly finished and with few previews left, and the version after that is in very early development.

If you want to opt out of getting Insider Preview builds, click “Stop Insider Previews” at the very top of the screen. You have three choices form the screen that appears:

Move to a less risky and less frequent schedule: You can pretty much ignore this option, because not only is it extremely confusing, but it uses terminology that Microsoft abandoned in late July 2017, and it duplicates the settings described in the three previous bullet points. So don’t bother to click.

Pause updates for a bit: Click here and from the screen that appears move the slider from Off to On, and you’ll pause updates from being installed for seven days.

Roll me back to the last Windows version: This selection brings you to the Settings’ Recovery section which allows you to roll your PC back to the latest public version of Windows. So you’ll wipe out all preview releases and go back to being on the normal Windows update schedule.

Use peer-to-peer networking to install updates

When it comes to updating Windows 10, Microsoft borrowed a technique from peer-to-peer networking apps such as BitTorrent in order to help distribute updates more efficiently. If you want, you can tell Windows 10 that you want updates delivered from other PCs via peer-to-peer networking in addition to getting them from Microsoft servers.

Why would you want to do this? If you have multiple Windows 10 PCs on a network, you can save bandwidth, because the update can be delivered from Microsoft’s servers to one PC on your network, and that PC can then deliver the update to the other Windows 10 PCs.

To turn this feature on, click the Start button and select Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update > Advanced options > Delivery Optimization. Underneath the “Allow downloads from other PCs” section, move the slider to On, then choose “PCs on my local network.” If you choose “PCs on my local network, and PCs on the Internet,” the PCs on your network will get updates from other PCs on the internet — but your PCs will also send updates to those other PCs as well, and so you could end up using additional bandwidth.

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